The Pros and Cons of Prohibition
Prohibition of alcohol is the term used to denote that the making, transporting, importing, exporting, selling, purchasing, and/or consuming of alcohol is an illegal act. Prohibition of alcohol is more commonly just called prohibition and is considered very controversial throughout the world. As a result, letís review both the advantages and disadvantages of prohibition.
Reasons For Prohibition
- Addiction: Prohibition of alcohol limits and/or prevents alcohol addiction. This particular addiction can easily ruin peopleís lives, including their jobs, their friends, their families, and obviously themselves too.
- Health: Alcohol, especially in large quantities, can damage peopleís kidneys and livers, and can eventually lead to death.
- Religion: Some religions (such as Islam, Mormonism, Jehovahís Witnesses, and some Pentecostal Christians) expressly forbids the consumption of alcohol.
- Crime: There is a direct correlation between alcohol consumption and an increase in crime. Violent crimes, assault, and disorderly conduct are most common with persons who are intoxicated.
- Drunk Driving: Prohibition reduces the causalities and damages through drunk driving.
- Cost: Alcohol can be a very expensive habit.
Reasons Against Prohibition
- Freedom of Choice: People should have the freedom of choice to decide to drink alcohol or not, as long as that freedom does not infringe on the freedoms of other people. Therefore, a law prohibiting alcohol would remove the freedom of choice.
- Victimless Crime: Similarly to the previous reason, people should be free to harm themselves. Alcohol addiction is considered a victimless crime, since it primarily affects the alcoholics. While it does affect the people around alcoholics, it does not directly affect them. People can always keep their distance from or leave alcoholics, if they choose.
- Underground or Black Markets: People who want alcohol will still be able to purchase it or make it, albeit at a higher cost and purchased from more seedy locations.
- Safety: Alcohol made without government regulations and inspections pose a possibly serious health and safety risk to consumers.
- Economy: Prohibiting alcohol leads to loss of taxes and legitimate jobs.
- Organized Crime: Criminal organizations will mostly profit from prohibition and, that in return, will promote other illegal activities. And that will organize criminal organizations even more.
- Society: In most cultures and religions, social drinking is an acceptable practice.
by Phil B.