How to Restore Ecological Balance
Itís not a secret that the ecological balance on the Earth is disrupted. Ecologists state that the mankind is approaching to a big catastrophe, but their voices are weak now. The majority of people living on the Earth do not understand why ecology is important and this is a huge problem because all processes in the nature are interlinked.
Scientists who are working in different areas try to attract attention of humankind to this problem, but still little is done to restore ecological balance. People use natural resources for production, but this process is out of control nowadays. People donít understand that their actions may lead to the extinction of all living beings on the Earth. We hope that this article will help find ways and use patterns to maintain the balance in an ecosystem.
The Earth is overpopulated and the expanded population becomes a burden for the ecological balance. People extract fossil fuels, minerals, precious metals and stones to fulfill their needs and these resources become scarce. Also, the needs in food and pure water are growing proportionally with the growth of population. Over-fishing and hunting lead to biodiversity loss that makes a negative impact on the ecosystem. For example, in marine ecosystems the lost of several species threatens with extinction to the whole ecosystem.
Therefore, we should apply concerted effort to attract attention to the importance of keeping a balanced ecosystem and controlled use of natural resources. There are several patterns how to maintain ecological balance in nature, namely: use renewable energy resources (sun and wind energy) instead of extracting fossil fuels, controlled use of the extraction of minerals and precious metals, use of recycled technologies and controlled fishing and hunting.
The environmental balance in nature partially depends on the number of population. Recently, we observe uncontrollable population growth that requires taking measures both on individual and government levels because under the statistic prognosis the number of people will grow by 2 billion in 2050.
In the last century, the speed of population growth was about twice as low: in the period from 1927 to 1987 the population grew by 5 billion. The most fast-growing nations are India, China, some Arabic and African countries. India and China are the most densely populated countries. It is important to explain to people the importance of population control. Using family planning approaches and contraceptives in these countries will help control the growth of population and reduce the consumption of natural resources.
Importance of balance of nature is emphasized by the great number of scientists. It heavily depends on the quality of water. Unfortunately, sewage contamination, pollution from agricultural farms and industrial plants disrupt ecological balance ecosystem in the world ocean. Sewage, waste agricultural fertilizers and industrial wastewater contribute to the growth of algae in lakes, rivers, seas blocking the access of oxygen to aquatic plants and animals thus upsetting the balance in nature ecosystem.
The environmental balance in the world ocean can be restored by using innovative approaches to water purification. This will help reduce water pollution. For example, in India people invented the unique system of water purification: human urine is purified with the help of innovative technologies. This water can be used for multiple purposes after purification. It is important because the problem of pure water is acute nowadays.
Another problem is chemical contamination of water coming from industrial enterprises when production cycle is finished and water contamination from agricultural fertilizers. There are several innovative technologies which can help purify water after using in the industrial cycles, but these technologies are quite expensive. Some enterprises cannot afford to buy and use these technologies. However, the use of these technologies should be promoted on the governmental level with full support and subsidies.
Keeping the balance in the ecosystem also depends on trees and plants. Deforestation is becoming an acute issue because people cut down forests for production of furniture and other woodwork in many countries of the world. However, the role of forests in ecosystems is complex; itís not only to serve peopleís needs. When trees and vegetation are removed, the changes in the soil occur. The ecological changes in soils make a negative impact on water balance: weíre all aware of the ecological problems that took place in Amazonia when rainforests were cut down leading to the increase in soil erosion and flooding. Some African countries faced a similar problem: the forests in Ghana are cut down because its government doesnít regulate this issue. As a result, the animals living in the jungle die because of the distorted ecological balance.
The government of Ghana doesnít explain the role of plants in maintaining balanced ecosystem to people and this problem aggravates.
Addressing deforestation is a simple task: people need to plant more trees. If every man plants only one tree during his life, we can restore the ecological balance on the Earth. The governments of all countries can initiate programs to invest in planting trees. Also, launching ecological companies to attract attention to the importance of ecological balance is a good idea.
Greenhouse gas emission is another ecological problem worth attention. Greenhouse gas emissions emerge when fossil fuels (coal, petroleum, natural gas) are burned and carbon dioxide is released into the air. Carbon dioxide contributes to the development of so-called greenhouse effect when emissions retain heat close to the surface of the Earth. The temperature of the Earthís surface is increasing each year: if compared to the middle of the last century, the average yearly temperature increased by 5 degrees. As a result, glaciers covering North and South Poles are melting and the level of the sea raises leading to floods, hurricanes, storms and other natural disasters. The climate on the Earth is changing and we need to draw attention to the importance of ecology. We should start to change bad consumption habits by driving less, using less electricity and creating less waste. For example, you may use your car rarely: start to use it three times a week instead of going to work and back by car every day. Also, using personal carbon footprint calculator can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In this way, we can create a balanced ecosystem, reduce carbon footprint and slow down global warming.
Consumption habits of many people are inappropriate. Governments and ecological organizations should explain people why is it important to maintain the balance of nature and how can we maintain balance in our ecosystem. It is important to explain to people what is ecological balance so they can understand how to restore it and not to make harm to nature. By changing our consumption habits we can significantly help the nature. For example, you can use a bicycle or go by feet instead of using a car. This will help significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. You can substitute driving to the supermarket by funny bicycle riding or burn calories by walking.
Also, keeping your car in good condition can help produce less greenhouse gas emissions. It is important to perform a smog test one time a year and make necessary repairing. Furthermore, you can save a lot of energy by turning off your lights and electronic appliances. Electricity is generated by energy plants which produce emissions. When you use your electronic appliances you waste energy and contribute to the increase in emissions. By reducing the consumption of electricity we can reduce carbon footprint.
In addition, using energy-saving appliances will help reduce energy consumption. Modern air conditioners, microwaves, dryers, refrigerators and dishwashers use innovative technologies that target low energy consumption. By using these appliances, you can hit two goals: reduce emissions and save on your electricity bills. Also, you can help preserve nature by limiting the use of hot water and heating, eating less meat, making food from scratch, choosing goods with less packaging and eating locally produced food. You can reduce energy consumption by reducing your consumption of meat because food industry consumes a lot of energy when producing sausages or other meat products. Cardboard, plastic and paper are used for packaging also distort ecological balance. You can choose the products that are not packaged to reduce this impact on nature. Everyone should know how can human activities affect the balance of ecosystem and take appropriate actions.
Everyone can participate in restoring ecological balance by taking small steps every day. The importance of balanced ecosystem has been explained above. Here we would like to list three factors that control the balance of an ecosystem: changing consumption patterns, control over personal greenhouse gas emissions and sorting waste. Many European countries, Japan and the US implement this system in practice. In Japan, people use waste to build artificial islands and runways for planes. Having different garbage pails for paper, glass and organic wastes is a normal practice. Unfortunately, these practices are still rare in many other countries. We can contribute to the process of appropriate waste utilization personally. For example, you can utilize used batteries and incandescent lamps by taking them to special utilization organizations rather than simply putting them into your garbage. We all must understand that we have the power to change this world for better. The importance of keeping a balanced ecosystem should be emphasized in media because the situation is dismal and we need to take care of our wastes. In order to restore ecological balance, we need to know characteristics of a balanced ecosystem. Ecological organizations should make people aware of these characteristics and let people know how they can contribute to restoring ecological balance. We should reconsider our consumption and waste utilization practices to make the Earth cleaner.
Reusing, recycling and composting should become your habits forever. These are the best ways to reduce the waste produced in our households. We can also reduce carbon footprint in this way. These practices should become your best habits to take part in the restoration of the ecological balance on our planet. What you can do is:
- To use glass package because this type of packaging is reusable;
- To refuse to reuse plastic because it degrades and contaminates food with time;
- To follow recycling policies when you recycle plastic, paper, glass, etc.;
- To make compost of food scraps (organic waste) at your backyard: make a pile and mix it so it degrades fast.
You may take an active part in restoring the ecological balance of our planet by participating in ecological movements and making people aware of the dismal situation in ecology. People can reach unbelievable goals by working in a team. It will be a good start if you propagate green habits in your community because many people are not aware of the situation or donít understand they can help to restore ecological balance in any way. You can cooperate with local governments and ecological organizations; participate in environmental projects to make this world better. You may wish to make videos or write articles if you have these talents to make more people aware of the problem. We can find many ways to restore the ecological balance on the Earth if we think about it seriously.
This ecological balance essay will hopefully attract attention to the ecological problems and help develop effective approaches to restore the ecological balance.
Author: Bryan Davis
Bryan Davis is a Harvard School graduate. He has a Master degree in Ecology and Recycling Technologies. According to EduBirdie, Bryan Davis participates in the public movement against unconscious using of natural resources. Bryan Davis is a regular contributor to eHow and WikiHow. His articles help attract attention to the ecological situation in the world and change the world for better. He provides consultations regarding ecological issues in his office in California.
by Bryan Davis