The Pros and Cons of Organic Food and Farming
Organic foods have recently become extremely popular, yet people typically are only aware of their advantages and not aware of the major disadvantages of organic foods and farming. So, here is a summary of the pros and cons of organic foods and organic farming.
The Advantages of Organic Foods and Organic Farming
- Pesticides: Organic foods typically have no or significantly less pesticides than other farm grown foods. Even if an organic farmer does not use any pesticides, pesticides may have been used on the land previously and neighboring farms could still use pesticides too, thus organic food could still have some pesticides.
- Fertilizers: Organic famers typically do not use fertilizers to increase their bounty and growth rates. Thus, organic foods are less likely to contain fertilizer that are not meant for human consumption.
- Nutrients: Since organic foods grow more slowly and naturally, it is believed a wider variety of vitamins and minerals can be found in organic foods, however this belief has never been scientifically proven.
- Flavors: Whether it is because organic foods are grown more slowly or have more variety of nutrients, it is widely believed that organic foods have more flavor. Again, this belief has never been scientifically proven either.
- Quantity: Since fertilizers are not used to grow organic foods, it takes much more farm land to grow food. This decreases the amount of food that can be grown. At a time when people in the world still go hungry and with growing populations, organic foods waste valuable resources and are obviously a luxury.
- Cost: Since fewer foods are grown, organic farming increasing the cost of all (organic and non-organic) foods, thus further restricting poor people from purchasing quantity and variety of foods.
- Nutrients: Since fertilizers are not used, foods are not guaranteed to contain high amounts of vitamins and minerals that regular foods have.
- Not Sustainable: Since organic farming does not fertilizers, organic farms quickly exhaust farm land of nutrients, thus eventually becoming unusable for further organic farming. Organic farms will eventually close or convert to non-organic farming in order to continue to grow food. Otherwise, organic farm lands will need to be un-used for years before becoming naturally viable again for organic farming, thus again increasing food costs and decreasing quantity of foods.
by Phil for Humanity