Napoleon Bonaparte famously said,
While there is some truth to this saying, it fails to make some key points that a leader can still be surprised and be a good leader.
A good leader, whether in war, business, politics, or even game playing, must always be able to handle surprises. That does not mean that a leader must plan for every possible situation, which I think is impossible. But rather, a leader must be prepared to change their strategy without notice or preparation yet be immediately committed to their new plan.
Of course, this strategy is not necessarily restricted to only leaders, because each person must be continuously dynamic for the changing world around them, because surprises can be continuous and never ending. In other words, expect surprises and changes to your plans.
Furthermore, each person should always have a surprise or two available to confuse their adversaries.
by Phil for Humanity